We know that if we want to convert a mixed number into an improper fraction, we need to multiply the integer part by the denominator of the fractional part and add it to the numerator of the fractional part. The resulting number will be the numerator of the new fraction, and the denominator remains the same.

For example, let's convert the mixed number to an improper fraction

Multiply the integer part by the denominator of the fractional part and add the numerator of the fractional part:

(2 × 2) + 1

Let's calculate this expression:

(2 × 2) + 1 = 4 + 1 = 5

The resulting number 5 will be the numerator of the new fraction, and the denominator will remain the same: This procedure is written in full as follows: To return the original mixed number, just highlight the integer part in the fraction  But this method of converting a mixed number into an improper fraction is applicable only if the mixed number is positive. For a negative number, this method will not work.

Consider the fraction . We distinguish the integer part of the fraction. We get  To return the original fraction , we need to convert the mixed number into an improper fraction. But if we use the old rule, which is to multiply the integer part by the denominator of the fractional part and add the numerator of the fractional part to the resulting number, we get the following contradiction: We got a fraction of , and we should have gotten a fraction of .

We conclude that the mixed number is incorrectly converted into an improper fraction: To convert a negative mixed number into an improper fraction correctly, multiply the integer part by the denominator of the fractional part, and subtract the numerator of the fractional part from the resulting number. In this case, everything will fall into place The negative mixed number is the opposite of the mixed number . If the positive mixed number is on the right side and looks like this then the negative mixed number will be located in the left part symmetrically relative to the origin And while reads "two integers and one second," reads "minus two and a half". Because the numbers -2 and are on the left side of the coordinate line, they are both negative.

Any mixed number can be written in expanded form. A positive mixed number is written as in expanded form.

And a negative mixed number is written as Now we can understand why the mixed number is located on the left side of the number line. The minus before the two indicates that we moved from zero two steps to the left, as a result we are at the point where the number -2 Then, starting from the number -2, we move another step to the left. And since the value of is -0.5, our step is half of the full step. We end up in the middle between the numbers -3 and -2 Example 2. Select the integer part of an improper fraction , then convert the resulting mixed number back to an improper fraction

Let's do the first part of the assignment, namely, isolate the integer part in the improper fraction  Perform the second part of the problem, namely, convert the resulting mixed number to an improper fraction. To do this, multiply the integer part by the denominator of the fractional part and subtract the numerator of the fractional part from the resulting number: If you don't want to get confused and get used to the new rule, you can put the mixed number in parentheses and leave the minus behind the parentheses. Then you can apply the good old rule: multiply the integer part by the denominator of the fractional part and add the numerator of the fractional part to the resulting number.

Let's perform the previous task in this way, namely, to convert the mixed number into an improper fraction ## Video lesson 